There is a lot of confusion about home equity loans following the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) last year. The act changed the rules on whether the interest on these loans is deductible. So is it?
The short answer: Not unless you’ve used the money to buy, build or substantially improve your home.
For decades, taxpayers have been using home equity loans to finance home improvements by borrowing against the value of their home. But they’ve also used home equity loans and lines of credit for alternative purposes, such as paying off credit card debt, paying for big purchases, or simply to finance living expenses.
Those alternative purposes have been removed from the tax code beginning in 2018. Before the change, you could deduct interest on up to $100,000 in home equity indebtedness not spent on your home. Now, the interest is deductible only if it is used to buy, build or substantially improve your home. The IRS calls this acquisition indebtedness.
Example: Sam got into trouble with his credit cards in 2015 and took out a $100,000 home equity loan to consolidate his debts. It lowered his annual interest rate to 6 percent from 12 percent and he was able to deduct $6,000 in interest every year as an itemized deduction. Starting in 2018, Sam will no longer be able to deduct those interest payments because the loan was not used to build, buy or substantially improve his home.
Once you’re done filing your 2017 taxes, it may be worth scheduling a planning meeting to discuss this and other tax changes that are new this year.
As always, feel free to pass this Tip along to friends, and reach out if you need help with your personal tax and finance situation.
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